Mybatis的两种使用方法:

  • 1.使用xml的方式
  • 2.使用注解的方式

一:XML方式的整合及增删改查

主要步骤:

  • 添加Mybatis对应的依赖
  • 在application.properties添加配置信息
  • 创建mybatis-config.xml文件
  • 编写mybatis应用

Step 1 :添加依赖

在pom.xml添加以下依赖:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
  <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
  <version>2.1.0</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
   <groupId>mysql</groupId>
   <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
   <scope>runtime</scope>
</dependency>

Step 2:配置 application

1.配置DataSource

#DataSource
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/example?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8&serverTimezone=UTC&allowMultiQueries=true
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password=123456
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver

2.mybatis配置:

#mybatis相关配置
#mybatis核心配置文件路径
mybatis.config-location=classpath:/mybatis/mybatis-config.xml
#mapper文件
mybatis.mapper-locations=classpath:/mybatis/mapper/*.xml
#json序列化
spring.jackson.serialization.indent-output=true

3.在resources目录下新建mybatis文件夹,在mybatis文件夹中创建mybatis-config.xml,并且按照以下格式编写:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">

<configuration>

</configuration>

Step3:实现增删改查

在主包下创建mapper包,创建对应一个实体类(Emp)的接口,例如EmpMapper,在resources->mybatis->下创建mapper文件夹,并且创建Emp对应的xml文件empMapper.xml

empMapper.xml中:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<!--映射文件配置 namespace指向接口-->
    <mapper namespace="com.yremp.mybatis.mapper.EmpMapper">
<!--select:表示查询,id:对应接口中的方法名,parameterType:参数类型-->
    <select id="findById" parameterType="Integer" resultType="com.yremp.mybatis.entity.Emp">
         select * from emp where empid=#{value }
    </select>

<!-- java.util.Map:将查询到的每一条记录包装成map,key:字段名 value:字段值-->
    <select id="findDeps" parameterType="java.util.Map" resultType="java.util.LinkedHashMap">
         select * from emp e,dep d where e.depid=d.depid
         <if test="dname!=null">
             and d.depname=#{dname}
         </if>
        <if test="salary!=null">
            and e.salary>#{salary}
        </if>
    </select>
<!--新增一条数据-->
    <insert id="create" parameterType="com.yremp.mybatis.entity.Emp">
        INSERT INTO `example`.`emp`( `name`, `age`, `salary`, `depid`)
        VALUES ( #{name}, #{age}, #{salary}, #{depid})
--         将id回填 select Last_INSERT_ID() 获取最新插入的id
        <selectKey keyProperty="empid" keyColumn="empid" resultType="Integer" order="AFTER">
          select Last_INSERT_ID()
        </selectKey>
    </insert>
<!--    更新一条数据-->
    <update id="update" parameterType="com.yremp.mybatis.entity.Emp">
        UPDATE `example`.`emp` SET `name` = #{name}, `age` = #{age}, `salary` = #{salary}, `depid` = #{depid} WHERE `empid` = #{empid};
    </update>
<!--    删除一条数据-->
    <delete id="delete" parameterType="Integer">
        delete from emp where empid=#{value}
    </delete>

</mapper>

entity:Emp实体类:

public class Emp {
    private Integer empid;
    private String name;
    private Double salary;
    private Integer depid;
    private Integer age;

    public Integer getEmpid() {
        return empid;
    }

    public void setEmpid(Integer empid) {
        this.empid = empid;
    }

    public Integer getAge() {
        return age;
    }

    public void setAge(Integer age) {
        this.age = age;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public Double getSalary() {
        return salary;
    }

    public void setSalary(Double salary) {
        this.salary = salary;
    }

    public Integer getDepid() {
        return depid;
    }

    public void setDepid(Integer depid) {
        this.depid = depid;
    }
}

mapper:EmpMapper

public interface EmpMapper {

    public Emp findById(Integer id);

    public List<Map>findDeps(Map param);

    public void create(Emp emp);

    public void update(Emp emp);

    public void delete(Integer empid);
}

service:EmpService

@Service
public class EmpService {
    @Resource
    private EmpMapper empMapper;
    public Emp findById(Integer id){
        return empMapper.findById(id);
    }

    public List<Map>findDeps(String dname,Double salary){
        Map param =new HashMap();
        param.put("dname",dname);
        param.put("salary",salary);
        return empMapper.findDeps(param);
    }
    @Transactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)
    public void create(Emp emp){
        empMapper.create(emp);
    }

    @Transactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)
    public void update(Emp emp){
        empMapper.update(emp);
    }

    @Transactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)
    public void delete(Integer empid){
        empMapper.delete(empid);
    }
}

controller:EmpController

@Controller
public class EmpController {
    @Resource
//    根据id查询员工
private EmpService empService;
    @RequestMapping("/emp/{id}")
    @ResponseBody
public Emp findByid(@PathVariable("id")Integer id){
    return empService.findById(id);
}
//根据条件查询符合条件的员工列表
    @RequestMapping("/emp/query")
    @ResponseBody
public List<Map>findDeps( String dep, Double salary){
        return empService.findDeps(dep,salary);
}
//新建一条员工记录
    @RequestMapping("/emp/create")
    @ResponseBody
    public Emp create(){
        Emp emp=new Emp();
        emp.setName("yhy");
        emp.setAge(28);
        emp.setDepid(1);
        emp.setSalary(5000.00);
        empService.create(emp);
        return emp;
    }
//更新一条员工记录
    @RequestMapping("/emp/update")
    @ResponseBody
    public Emp update(){
        Emp emp=empService.findById(5);
        emp.setName("yhy");
        emp.setAge(28);
        emp.setDepid(1);
        emp.setSalary(6000.00);
        empService.update(emp);
        return emp;
    }
//删除一条员工记录
    @RequestMapping("/emp/delete")
    @ResponseBody
    public String update(Integer empid){
        empService.delete(empid);
        return "success";
    }
}

二:注解方式的整合和增删改查

因为之前写的图书管理系统全部使用注解方式,所以下面就使用之前的代码

主要步骤:

  • 1.添加依赖
  • 2.编写mybatis应用

Step 1 :添加依赖

在pom.xml添加以下依赖:

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
  <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
  <version>2.1.0</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
   <groupId>mysql</groupId>
   <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
   <scope>runtime</scope>
</dependency>

Step 2:编写代码

1.实体类 Book

package com.springboot.book.model;

public class Book {
    private int id;

    private String name;

    private String author;

    public Double getPrice() {
        return price;
    }

    public void setPrice(Double price) {
        this.price = price;
    }

    private Double price;

    public String getImage() {
        return image;
    }

    public void setImage(String image) {
        this.image = image;
    }

    public String getDescription() {
        return description;
    }

    public void setDescription(String description) {
        this.description = description;
    }

    private String image;

    private String description;

    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public String getAuthor() {
        return author;
    }

    public void setAuthor(String author) {
        this.author = author;
    }



    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Book{" +
                "id=" + id +
                ", name='" + name + '\'' +
                ", author='" + author + '\'' +
                ", price='" + price + '\'' +
                ", image='" + image + '\'' +
                ", description='" + description + '\'' +
                '}';
    }
}

2.dao:BookDao

@Mapper
public interface BookDao {
    String table_name="book";
    String insert_filed="name,author,price,image,description";
    String select_field = " id, status, " + insert_filed;
//查询全部书籍
    @Select({"select * from",table_name})
    List<Book> selectAll();
//根据name查找id
    @Select({"select id from",table_name,"where name=#{name}"})
    Book selectBookByName(String Name);
//根据id查找全部信息
    @Select({"select * from",table_name,"where id=#{id}"})
    Book selectBookById(@Param("id") int id);
//根据id删除指定书籍
    @Delete({"delete ","from",table_name,"where id=#{id}"})
    void deleteBookById(int id);
//根据指定的书名删除书籍
    @Delete({"delete ","from",table_name,"where name=#{name}"})
    void deleteBookByName(String name);
//添加新的书籍
    @Insert({"insert into",table_name,"(",insert_filed,")","values(#{name},#{author},#{price},#{image},#{description})"})
    void addBook(Book book);
    @Update({"update ", table_name, " set name=#{name},author=#{author},price=#{price},image=#{image},description=#{description} where id=#{id}"})
    void updateBookById(@Param("id") int id,@Param("name") String name,@Param("author") String author,
                        @Param("price") Double price,@Param("image") String image,@Param("description") String description);
}

3.cntroller:BookController

@Controller
public class bookController {
    @Autowired
    private BookDao bookDao;
    @RequestMapping("/book")
    public ModelAndView queryAll(){
        List<Book> books =bookDao.selectAll();
        ModelAndView modelAndView =new ModelAndView("booklist");
        modelAndView.addObject("books",books);
        return  modelAndView;
    }


    @GetMapping("/book/del/{id}")
    public String deleteBook(@PathVariable("id") Integer Id,Model model){
       bookDao.deleteBookById(Id);
        List<Book> books =bookDao.selectAll();
        model.addAttribute("books" ,books);
        return "redirect:/book";
    }

    @GetMapping("/book/predit/{id}")
    public String preUpdateBook(@PathVariable("id") Integer Id,Model model){
        Book book =bookDao.selectBookById(Id);
        model.addAttribute("book" ,book);
        System.out.println(book.toString());
        return "addbook";//复用代码
    }

    @PostMapping("/book/editok/{id}")
    public String UpdateBook(@PathVariable("id") Integer Id,
                             @RequestParam("name") String name,
                             @RequestParam("author") String author,
                             @RequestParam("price")String price,
                             @RequestParam("image") String image,
                             @RequestParam("description") String description){
        System.out.println(Id+name+author+price+image+description);
        Double Price = Double.parseDouble(price);
        bookDao.updateBookById(Id,name,author,Price,image,description);
        return "editsuccess";
    }
    @RequestMapping("/book/look/return")
    public String reBack()
    {
        return "redirect:/book";
    }

    @RequestMapping("/book/newbook")
    public String openAddBook(){
        return "addbook";
    }

    @PostMapping("/book/addbook")
    public String addBook(
            @RequestParam("name") String name,
            @RequestParam("author") String author,
            @RequestParam("price") String price,
            @RequestParam("image") String image,
            @RequestParam("description") String description)
    {
        Double Price =Double.parseDouble(price);
        Book book = new Book();
        book.setName(name);
        book.setAuthor(author);
        book.setPrice(Price);
        book.setImage(image);
        book.setDescription(description);
        bookDao.addBook(book);
        return "addsuccess";
    }
    @RequestMapping("/lookbook")
    public String queryAllbook(Model model){
        List<Book> books =bookDao.selectAll();
        model.addAttribute("books" ,books);
        return "lookbook";
    }
}

以上就是Mybatis两种方式的使用方法。

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