Spring Cloud Sleuth分布式请求链路追踪 ,在微服务框架中,一个由客户端发起的请求在后端系统中会经过多个不同的的服务节点调用来协同产生最后的请求结果,每一个前段请求都会形成一条复杂的分布式服务调用链路,链路中的任何一环出现高延时或错误都会引起整 个请求最后的失败。Spring Cloud Sleuth提供了一套完整的服务跟踪解决方案。

1. Zipkin下载安装

1.1 下载

搭建链路监控需要Zipkin这个工具,Zipkin下载地址: https://dl.bintray.com/openzipkin/maven/io/zipkin/java/zipkin-server/

1.2 安装运行

在jar所在目录直接运行jar包即可

windows 下可以Shift+右键 打开Power Shell,然后在Power shell输入

start cmd

就可以快速在cmd中到达当前目录

接下来就是运行jar包

java -jar zipkin-server-2.12.9-exec.jar

运行之后会有下面的一些输出

1.3 Web访问测试

Zipkin默认运行在9411端口,我们去浏览器打开测试访问

2. 服务提供者

新建服务提供者cloud-zipkin-provider-payment8001 实际上和以前的几乎没有太多变化,只要是引入了Zipkin的相关依赖和配置等。

2.1 pom.xml

zipkin的相关依赖(实际上包含了sleuth+zipkin)

<dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-zipkin</artifactId>
</dependency>

项目全部依赖

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <parent>
        <artifactId>live.yremp.springcloud</artifactId>
        <groupId>live.yremp</groupId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <artifactId>cloud-zipkin-provider-payment8001</artifactId>
    <dependencies>
        <!-- 包含了sleuth zipkin 数据链路追踪-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-zipkin</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
<!--        <!–监控–>-->
<!--        <dependency>-->
<!--            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>-->
<!--            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-actuator</artifactId>-->
<!--        </dependency>-->
        <!--eureka client-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-netflix-eureka-client</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>live.yremp</groupId>
            <artifactId>cloud-api-commons</artifactId>
            <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
            <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

2.2 配置文件

server:
  port: 8001

spring:
  application:
    name: cloud-payment-service
  zipkin:
    base-url: http://localhost:9411
    sleuth:
      sampler:
        probability: 1 # 采样率介于0-1之间,1表示全部采集
eureka:
  client:
    #表示是否将自己注册进EurekaServer默认为true。
    register-with-eureka: true
    #是否从EurekaServer抓取已有的注册信息,默认为true。单节点无所谓,集群必须设置为true才能配合ribbon使用负载均衡
    fetchRegistry: true
    service-url:
      #集群则注册到多个Eureka 服务端
      defaultZone: http://eureka7001.com:7001/eureka, http://eureka7002.com:7002/eureka
  instance:
    instance-id: payment8001
    prefer-ip-address: true
    #Eureka客户端每隔多久向服务端发送一次心跳
    lease-renewal-interval-in-seconds: 1
    #服务端在距离最后一次收到心跳等待时间,超过就会剔除该微服务
    lease-expiration-duration-in-seconds: 2

2.3 主启动类

package live.yremp.springcloud;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.discovery.EnableDiscoveryClient;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.EnableEurekaClient;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableEurekaClient
@EnableDiscoveryClient
public class ZipkinPaymentMain8001 {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(ZipkinPaymentMain8001.class,args);
    }
}

2.4 业务代码

业务代码在Controller中添加一个新的请求接口

@GetMapping("/payment/zipkin")
    public String paymentZikKin(){
        return "Zipkin Service,provider Service";
    }

到这里服务提供者的相关设置就完成了

3. 服务调用者

这个和上面的服务提供者一样,主要是引入Zipkin的相关依赖和配置添加

3.1 pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <parent>
        <artifactId>live.yremp.springcloud</artifactId>
        <groupId>live.yremp</groupId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <artifactId>cloud-zipkin-consumer-order80</artifactId>
    <dependencies>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>

<!--        eureka client-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-netflix-eureka-client</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-zipkin</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
            <artifactId>httpclient</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>live.yremp</groupId>
            <artifactId>cloud-api-commons</artifactId>
            <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
            <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

3.2 配置文件

server:
  port: 80

spring:
  application:
    name: cloud-order-service
  zipkin:
    base-url: http://localhost:9411
    sleuth:
      sampler:
        probability: 1 # 采样率介于0-1之间,1表示全部采集

eureka:
  client:
    #表示是否将自己注册进EurekaServer默认为true。
    register-with-eureka: true
    #是否从EurekaServer抓取已有的注册信息,默认为true。单节点无所谓,集群必须设置为true才能配合ribbon使用负载均衡
    fetchRegistry: true
    service-url:
      #集群则注册到多个Eureka 服务端
      defaultZone: http://eureka7001.com:7001/eureka, http://eureka7002.com:7002/eureka

3.3 主启动类

package live.yremp.springcloud;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.EnableEurekaClient;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableEurekaClient
public class ZipkinOrderMain80 {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(ZipkinOrderMain80.class,args);
    }
}

3.4 业务代码

在Controller中新建一个方法去调用服务提供者的paymentZikKin()

 @GetMapping("/consumer/zipkin")
    public String paymentZipkin(){
        return restTemplate.getForObject("http://127.0.0.1:8001"+"/payment/zipkin",String.class);
    }

服务调用者的相关修改到此也就结束了,下面就是启动几个服务进行测试

4. 测试

先访问几个相关服务接口

链路追踪界面

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本文最后更新于2020年7月26日,已超过 2 个月没更新!